25 Sep Khartoum Peace Agreement 2018
Alec Woodard is a former intern in the Africa program during the 2018 summer semester. He is currently account manager at Deliver Strategies. The agreement provides for the establishment of a UN-RTGo in South Sudan. This UN-RTGo is responsible for deciding on a transitional period of 36 months, which will begin eight months after the signing of the R-ARCSS. Democratic elections will take place 60 days before the end of the transition period. The same agreement also provides for a single executive president (Kiir), a first vice president (Machar) and four vice-presidents appointed by the current UN TGo, SSOA, the current UN TGo and former prisoners. While the first vice president is responsible for overseeing the cabinet structure in charge of governance issues, the other four vice-presidents will oversee their assigned ministerial groups: the economic cluster, the services cluster, the infrastructure clusters, and the gender and youth clusters. Overall, building trust, cooperation and cooperation between parties in the implementation of the R-ARCSS will be the main success factor. While it is generally accepted that, in protracted and persistent conflicts, wary parties often sign peace agreements under political pressure to end human suffering, the peacemaking process is often an opportunity not only to strengthen and strengthen neglected or imperfect provisions of the peace pact, but also to detoxify political relations, change political attitudes and restore unity of intention. Therefore, the commitment of R-ARCSS parties to invest in attitudes, institutions and structures that strengthen positive peace and build resilience from conflict in South Sudan will be essential. Leaders, in collaboration with all parties concerned, must strive to preserve the main pillars of positive peace — that is, a well-functioning Government, democracy and the rule of law, an enabling environment for the economy, an equitable distribution of resources and the development of human capital. Most importantly, the ability to establish and enable peacemaking structures and systems, to prevent and peacefully resolve future conflicts will be fundamental to the implementation of R-ARCSS.
Such tasks should never be seen as simple and simple, given South Sudan`s history of conflict and its current classification as the world`s most fragile state.19 KHARTUM (Reuters) – South Sudan`s president on Wednesday signed a peace agreement with rebels that struck a ceasefire that is expected to begin in 72 hours, Sudan`s foreign minister said, but the rebels refused other parts of the deal. Rebel forces outside the SPLA-IO also signed the Khartoum Declaration and Power-Sharing Agreement by representatives of the South Sudanese Opposition Alliance (SSOA), an umbrella organization of 9 opposition groups. . . .